Carsten Borchgrevink’s shore party were the first people ever to live on the mainland of the Antarctic continent.
With an average age of just 26, and little exploration or leadership experience, these men faced a huge challenge in an unknown land.
Borchgrevink grew up in Oslo and was a childhood friend of Roald Amundsen (who, in 1911, led the first party to the South Pole). Borchgrevink had been a surveyor and teacher in Australia and left behind a wife and 6 month-old baby.
Astronomer, physicist and photographer, Australian
Bernacchi was in charge of the magnetic and meteorological observations which would become the expedition’s chief contribution to science.
Cartographer and magnetic observer, British
Colbeck had joined the Royal Navy in 1886 and was a Master Mariner.
Cook and general assistant, Norwegian
Ellefsen was a sailor who joined the shore party at the last minute, from the ship’s crew.
Assistant zoologist, British
Evans had lived in Canada where he worked as a cattle hand. He had been in Antarctic regions before, on a sealing expedition to the Kerguelen Islands in 1896.
General scientific assistant, Norwegian
Fougner was a whaler and experienced sailor, and also a skilled skier.
Head zoologist, Norwegian
Hanson was a zoology graduate from Oslo, with experience in Arctic field collecting and taxidermy. He married shortly before joining the expedition and leaving his pregnant wife in Norway.
Medical officer, Norwegian
A doctor, Kløvstad had most recently worked at a hospital for the mentally ill.
Dog handler, Sami
Must and his friend Per Savio were from an indigenous community in the far North of Norway. They had worked as reindeer drivers, providing a taxi service for locals.
Dog handler, Sami
The youngest members of the expedition, Savio and Must were also the most experienced in extreme cold climates. They brought with them traditional survival skills which had been developed over generations.